Thursday, 5 July 2018

Emojis and Emoticons


Image result for smiley faceThe etymology of emoji ought to be obvious. It's a little digital picture: hence e- like e-mail. And it expresses emotion: hence emo-. Except that that's not it at all.

First, the OED mentions that the word dates, in Japanese, back to at least 1928, when computer graphics were not up to much. That also means that it's got little to do with e-things or emo-things. E here means picture in Japanese and moji means character. So it's a pictograph, indeed emoji may have originally been a straight Japanese translation of the English word.

Emoji is therefore closely related to Kanji, which is the Japanese writing system that uses Chinese characters. Kan = Chinese and ji = letter. 

(So far as I can tell moji and ji are the same, but I don't speak a word of Japanese, I am simply relying on the clever people at the OED, who, I suspect, do.)

Emoticons, on the other hand, are emotion-icons and have been recorded since 1988. They are therefore utterly unrelated to emojis.

Image result for Choju Jinbutsu Giga
And this is from a Japanese picture scroll, or e-makimono, or emaki.

13 comments:

  1. Regarding "ji" and "moji": "mo", roughly, means "writing", and "ji" means character in the more general sense, so "moji" is more specifically a character for writing, aka a letter, while there is also "suuji", meaning "math character", aka a number.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Ah, thanks. That clears it up.

      Delete
    2. God bless Dr Larry for his marvelous work in my life, I was diagnosed of HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS since 2010 and I was taking my medications, I wasn't satisfied i needed to get the HERPES out of my system, I searched about some possible cure for HERPES i saw a comment about Dr Larry, how he cured HERPES with his herbal medicine, I contacted him and he guided me. I asked for solutions, he started the remedy for my health, he sent me the medicine within 3days. I took the medicine as prescribed by him and 2weeks later i was cured from HERPES contact him assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com once again thanks to you Dr Larry. cure the flowing virus, contact his web site: http://assurancesolutionhome.wordpress.com
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      God bless Dr Larry for his marvelous work in my life, I was diagnosed of HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS since 2010 and I was taking my medications, I wasn't satisfied i needed to get the HERPES out of my system, I searched about some possible cure for HERPES i saw a comment about Dr Larry, how he cured HERPES with his herbal medicine, I contacted him and he guided me. I asked for solutions, he started the remedy for my health, he sent me the medicine within 3days. I took the medicine as prescribed by him and 2weeks later i was cured from HERPES contact him assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com once again thanks to you Dr Larry. cure the flowing virus, contact his web site: http://assurancesolutionhome.wordpress.com
      http://assurancesolutionhome.website2.me/ or add him on whatsapp +1(424)-261-8520
      1 cancer cure
      2 diabetes cure
      3 ringing ear
      4 herpes cure
      5 warts cure
      6 HPV cure
      7 HIV
      8 get your ex back
      9 pregnancy herbal medicine
      10 prostate enlargement
      11 Hepatitis

      Delete
  2. A version of a smiley face.” And on the BBC, under the headline “Emoticons in texts can rack up huge bills” is a news story which exclusively discusses emoji. An emoticon is a typographic display of a facial representation, used to convey emotion in a text only medium.
    I think this is the most symbols that most of the peoples used for while chatting. Nice to write post regarding Emojis and i don't know how to write more about this.
    Tally ERP 9

    ReplyDelete
  3. I'm disappointed you didn't bring up Henohenomoheji, which is an example of mojie (the reverse of emoji) for this article.

    Emoji is written as “Picture Characters” or “Picture Letters”. And in Japanese, can describe a whole plethora of neolithic proto-writing of various cultures, in addition to the digital iconography that came about with the advent of pagers.

    So, in a certain sense, emoji conveys what a layperson might describe as a “hieroglyph” or an “icon”. But I don’t really see emoji correlated with kanji that often. (Though it is true that the “ji” that links the two is the same.)

    Linguists often divide kanji into four main categories: Shoukei, Shiji, Kaii, and Keisei. (Pictographic, Indicitive, Associative Compound, and Pictophonetic.) Pictophonetic characters of which make up over 90% of written Chinese character usage.

    Shoukei-moji, or the pictograms, only make up a small fraction of modern writing. Moreover, these pictures were already undergoing a heavy abstraction and stylization as early as the Bronze Era in a form of writing known as Seal Script.

    Richard Sears' website does a good job of documenting Chinese etymology and individual character’s evolution. When doing such research, I also like to compare them with YellowBridge’s etymological descriptions.

    Take the mo(文) in moji(文字) for example.

    YellowBridge proposes it to be a picture of a man with a tattoo on his chest.
    https://www.yellowbridge.com/chinese/character-etymology.php?zi=%E6%96%87

    Richard Sears’ says that it is a man in clothing with a heart
    http://internationalscientific.org/CharacterEtymology.aspx?submitButton1=Etymology&characterInput=%E6%96%87

    Whether it is a heart, or a tattoo, seems to be a matter of debate. But what is agreed on is the fact that it represented culture. (And later, literature.)

    On the other hand, ji(字) is a picture of a child under a roof.
    http://internationalscientific.org/CharacterEtymology.aspx?submitButton1=Etymology&characterInput=%E5%AD%97

    According to Richard Sears’ website, the picture does not reflect its modern meaning (letter/character), but was borrowed for its pronunciation. And when you understand the logic of Chinese writing, the majority of which are pictophonetic, this is a reasonable explanation.

    There are all sorts of wonderful evolutionary twists in Chinese and Japanese etymology that I can go on and on forever about. Like how the shou(象) in shoukei-moji(象形文字) is actually a picture of an elephant.

    http://internationalscientific.org/CharacterEtymology.aspx?submitButton1=Etymology&characterInput=%E8%B1%A1

    And when you play Xiangqi (Chinese Chess, or Elephant Chess) you may get to play with elephant pieces, but your opponent is playing with the “mutual” pieces, or what we call “minister” pieces in English. Mutual being a homonym for elephant in Chinese.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiangqi

    Imagine playing a game of chess, but instead of a horse piece (knight), you had knights, and nights. That’s what playing Xiangqi is like. Haha.

    ReplyDelete
  4. تعمل شركة اللمسه في مكافحة الحشرات مثل النمل والصراصير وجميع انواع الحشرات بأبها الان ، وتعتبر شركة اللمسه من اشهر شركات مكافحة الحشرات في السعودية , لدينا عمالة مدربة ومتخصصة المواد المستخدمة فى مكافحة الحشرات غير ضارة على الانسان وليس لها روائح نعمل بدون مغادرة المنزل نعمل على راحة عملائنا .
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    شركة رش مبيدات بالعينه


    ReplyDelete
  5. تعمل شركة اللمسه في مكافحة الحشرات مثل النمل والصراصير وجميع انواع الحشرات بأبها الان ، وتعتبر شركة اللمسه من اشهر شركات مكافحة الحشرات في السعودية , لدينا عمالة مدربة ومتخصصة المواد المستخدمة فى مكافحة الحشرات غير ضارة على الانسان وليس لها روائح نعمل بدون مغادرة المنزل نعمل على راحة عملائنا .
    شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بنجران
    شركة رش مبيدات بالخرج
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بالخرج
    شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالخرج
    شركة رش مبيدات بأبها
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بأبها
    شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بأبها
    شركة رش مبيدات بنجران
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بنجران
    شركة رش مبيدات بالعينه


    ReplyDelete
  6. هل تبحث عن شركة متخصصة فى خدمات التنظيف بالطائف بافضل المعدات والسوائل وثقة تمة فى العمل ودقة فى النتائج كل هذه المميزت توفرها شركة الخليج الشركة الافضل والامثل فى الخدمات المنزلية بالطائف وبما اننا الشركة الافضل والامثل بدون منافس سوف نسعى لتوفر افضل الخدمات باقل تكلفة وبقدر كبير من الاهتمام والدقة عزيزى اينما كنت فى اى منطقة ا وحى تابع لمدينة الطائف اتصل بنا وسوف نصلك فى الحال شركة الخليج للخدمات المنزلية شركة تنظيف منازل بالطائف
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    ReplyDelete
  7. هل تبحث عن شركة متخصصة فى خدمات التنظيف بالطائف بافضل المعدات والسوائل وثقة تمة فى العمل ودقة فى النتائج كل هذه المميزت توفرها شركة الخليج الشركة الافضل والامثل فى الخدمات المنزلية بالطائف وبما اننا الشركة الافضل والامثل بدون منافس سوف نسعى لتوفر افضل الخدمات باقل تكلفة وبقدر كبير من الاهتمام والدقة عزيزى اينما كنت فى اى منطقة ا وحى تابع لمدينة الطائف اتصل بنا وسوف نصلك فى الحال شركة الخليج للخدمات المنزلية شركة تنظيف منازل بالطائف
    شركة تنظيف فلل بالطائف
    شركة تنظيف خزانات بالطائف
    شركة تسليك مجارى بالطائف
    شركة رش مبيدات بالطائف
    شركة مكافحة نمل ابيض بالطائف
    شركة مكافحة حشرات بالطائف
    شركة عزل اسطح بالطائف
    شركة عزل خزانات بالطائف

    ReplyDelete
  8. A debt of gratitude is in order for your data, it was truly exceptionally helpfull.. emoticons meaning

    ReplyDelete
  9. God bless Dr Larry for his marvelous work in my life, I was diagnosed of HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS since 2010 and I was taking my medications, I wasn't satisfied i needed to get the HERPES out of my system, I searched about some possible cure for HERPES i saw a comment about Dr Larry, how he cured HERPES with his herbal medicine, I contacted him and he guided me. I asked for solutions, he started the remedy for my health, he sent me the medicine within 3days. I took the medicine as prescribed by him and 2weeks later i was cured from HERPES contact him assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com once again thanks to you Dr Larry. cure the flowing virus, contact his web site: http://assurancesolutionhome.wordpress.com
    http://assurancesolutionhome.website2.me/ or add him on whatsapp +1(424)-261-8520
    1 cancer cure
    2 diabetes cure
    3 ringing ear
    4 herpes cure
    5 warts cure
    6 HPV cure
    7 HIV
    8 get your ex back
    9 pregnancy herbal medicine
    10 prostate enlargement
    11 Hepatitis



    God bless Dr Larry for his marvelous work in my life, I was diagnosed of HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS since 2010 and I was taking my medications, I wasn't satisfied i needed to get the HERPES out of my system, I searched about some possible cure for HERPES i saw a comment about Dr Larry, how he cured HERPES with his herbal medicine, I contacted him and he guided me. I asked for solutions, he started the remedy for my health, he sent me the medicine within 3days. I took the medicine as prescribed by him and 2weeks later i was cured from HERPES contact him assurancesolutionhome@gmail.com once again thanks to you Dr Larry. cure the flowing virus, contact his web site: http://assurancesolutionhome.wordpress.com
    http://assurancesolutionhome.website2.me/ or add him on whatsapp +1(424)-261-8520
    1 cancer cure
    2 diabetes cure
    3 ringing ear
    4 herpes cure
    5 warts cure
    6 HPV cure
    7 HIV
    8 get your ex back
    9 pregnancy herbal medicine
    10 prostate enlargement
    11 Hepatitis

    ReplyDelete